Harriman, William Averell


Harriman, William Averell
1891–1986
   Harriman was a distinguished businessman turned diplomat, who served as US Ambassador in Moscow from 1943–46. He first arrived in London in March 1941 to negotiate Lend-Lease arrangements. He was given the rank of ambassador and accompanied Lord BEAVERBROOK on an Allied mission to Moscow in September 1941. The Germans had just invaded the USSR and Harriman had to reassure STALIN that the USA would send supplies and aid. In 1942 Harriman served on various Joint Allied Commissions in London including the Combined Production and Resources Board. In October 1943 he became Ambassador to Moscow and his main duty was to keep ROOSEVELT informed of Soviet attitudes. Harriman seems to have impressed Stalin, who had frequent meetings with him. Harriman became particularly concerned with the Polish problem, fearing that the Soviets would impose a Communist government on the country. In August 1944 he tried to get Soviet permission for US planes to use Soviet airfields to supply the Warsaw Uprising; however MOLOTOV and Stalin adamantly refused this request. At the Yalta Conference Harriman conducted private negotiations with Molotov to settle the question of Russian participation in the war in the Far East and is considered to have obtained the best possible solution. He was also made a member of the three-power committee to organize a new provisional government in Poland. With Sir A.Clark Kerr, Harriman tried very hard to increase the percentage of non-Communists in the new Government but Molotov did not give much ground. The USA and Great Britain had to concede that Soviet influence in Poland would beexcessive and Harriman also warned that the USSR would wish to achieve the same results in other East European countries. Harriman was a skilled negotiator, but faced with Russian intransigence there was little he could achieve.

Who’s Who in World War Two . 2013.

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  • Harriman, (William)Averell — Harriman, (William) Averell. 1891 1986. American financier and diplomat who held a number of public offices, including ambassador to the USSR (1943 1946) and U.S. secretary of commerce (1946 1948). * * * …   Universalium

  • Harriman, (William) Averell — (1891 1986)    Born to a wealthy New York City family, Averell Harriman was educated at Groton and Yale. In 1941, he was appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to supervise the Lend Lease program to Great Britain. In 1943, he became… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Harriman, William Averell — ► (1891 1986) Diplomático y banquero estadounidense. Embajador en la U.R.S.S. y en Gran Bretaña al empezar la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Secretario de Comercio y representante de E.U.A. en Europa para el programa de recuperación económica …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William Averell Harriman — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Harriman. William Averell Harriman William Averell Harriman (15 novembre 1891 26 juillet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Averell Harriman — noun United States financier who negotiated a treaty with the Soviet Union banning tests of nuclear weapons (1891 1986) • Syn: ↑Harriman, ↑Averell Harriman • Instance Hypernyms: ↑financier, ↑moneyman, ↑diplomat, ↑diplomatist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Harriman — Harriman, William Averell …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Averell Harriman — William Averell Harriman William Averell Harriman (* 15. November 1891 in New York, NY; † 26. Juli 1986 in Yorktown, NY) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Demokratischen Partei, Geschäftsmann und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Averell Harriman — William Averell Harriman William Averell Harriman (15 novembre 1891 26 juillet 1986) était un politicien démocrate américain, homme d affaires et diplomate. Harriman est né à New York, fils de magnats des chemins de fer (Edward Henry Harriman et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Averell Harriman — Averell Harriman. William Averell Harriman (Nueva York, 15 de noviembre de 1891 – Yorktown Heights, Nueva York, 26 de julio de 1986), político del Partido Demócrata de los Estados Unidos, hombre de negocios y diplomático …   Wikipedia Español

  • Harriman — (William Averell) (1891 1986) financier et homme politique américain. Chargé de mission, il veilla (1948 1950) à l application du plan Marshall en Europe. En 1968 1969, il dirigea la délégation américaine qui entama les négociations de paix avec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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